Book 3-20


England’s gazetteer: or, An accurate description of all the cities …, Volume 2

By Stephen Whatley

imbed link here

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(Sir Will. Maxey, and now to the Ld. Fermannagh,) this wiilliam is possibly son of greville maxey. he was rumored to be from the maxeys of america. if he moved and married elizabeth broughton the dates would match current records. children names are ?????? alexander? needs more research this is also the area of norfolk which is mainly nathaniel maxey sr’s family)

on May 27, Holy.Th. and MlcbatU mat-day. On the E; fide of the r. there is a spring, called St. Ofyth’s Well, the water of which is recommended for sore eyes. The manor of the rectory was anciently granted to the precentors of St. Paul’s, who have been successively Lds. of it, and from time to time have held courts for it; and it is let by lease for lives to John Sandford, Esq;. The Bp. of London appoints a bailiff here, for what is called his liberty, and to him are directed sheriffs warrants to be executed in this p. the two Hadhams, Albury, the three Pelhams, Meesdon-Datchworth, AstSwell, Stevenage, Gravely, and Chisfield. The bailiff has a right to strays, and the toll of corn and cattle in its Mt. and Fairs. In the castle-garden have been found some Roman coins.

Stoughton, (Suffix,) on the N. E. side of Racton, had a charter granted it by Henry IV. for a Mt. on ff. and Fairs on May-day, WbitsonW. and Nov. 11: but the Mt. is disused.

Stourmouth, (Kent,) near the mouth of the Stour, 4 m. N. W. of Sandwich, bel. once to the Husseys, afterwards to the Apuiderfields, and lately went in marriage to John Roper of Canterbury.

Stourton, ( Warw.) on the Stour, S. E. of Brailer, was originally a member of Whichford, and bel. to the Cantilupes, but went by marriage to Sir T. West, who sold it in the R. of Rich. II. to John Harwell.

Stow, (Bucks,) 2 m. N. W. from Buckingham, the feat of Ld. Vise. Cobham, where are the most magnificent gardens in England, acVorned with temples, pavilions, obelisks, &c. designed by Sir John Vnnbiiugh, Kent, Gibbs, fife, arid with the statues and busts of Cain and Abe!, of Lycurgus, Epaminondas, Socrates, and Homer, of K. Alfred, Edward the Black Prince, (^Elizabeth, K. William III. and the Prince of Wales, theEarJ of Chesterfield and Ld. Cob

ham, Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Francis Drake, Sir Thomas Gresliam, Ld. Verulam, John Locke, Sir William Penn, the poets Milton, Sbakespear, and Pope, John Hamden, Inigo Jones, Sir Isaac Newton, Sir John Barnard, and Mr William Pitt, besides the statues of the nine muses, of the liberal arts and sciences, and of all the Saxon idols that gave names to the days of the week. In a close wood, there is a building called the sleeping.. house; and at the head of a fine canal, there is an equestrian statue if K. George I. and here are two remarkable monuments to the memory of SigniorFido(agreyhound) and the poet Congreve. In ihort, to describe all the beauties of these gardens, would require many pages.

Stow, (Cornwall,) in the Bristol channel, below Hartland, 4 m. from Stratton, has a park, and bel. in the R. of (^Elizabeth to Barnard Granvil, and since to the Earl of Bath, who in the R. of Charles II. built a stately house here, reckoned the finest in these western parts, but in.so disagreeable a situation, that the owners have lately pulled it down.

{f3J Stow On The Wotjlp, (Gloc.) 11 m. N. E. from Cheltenham, near the r. Windrusli, 65 err. 77 mm. from London, is generally called in old recordsStow St. Edwaid, in which Robert Chester had a grant from Hen. VI. for a corp. Its Ch. is large, has a high tower, and stands on a hill. Here is an hos. almsll. and fr. fe. all well endowed, besides other charities, the poor here being very numerous. This place stands so high, and is so exposed to the winds, that it is a common observation that they have but one element, viz. air, there being neither wood, common, field, nor water bel. to the T. The Roman fosse-w y passes through it to North-Leach. The p. which is governed by two bailiffs, is 12 m. in com. and h?s some good inns. The Mt, is onTh. the Fairs, which are Maj Yy

Off. 13, have been famous for hops, cheese, and slieep, of which ’tis said 20,000 have been sold in one of its Oliobcr Fairs; but the inhabitants are not suffered to set stalls before their own doors.’ The toll of the Mt. and Fairs is computed at So /. a year. The manor was the late Ed. Chamberlain’s, to whose family it was granted byQ.EIiz. but it bel. anciently to the abbey of Evesliam.

Stow, [Line.) I m. E. of FokIngham, is noted fur a very large Fair, on a neighbouring hill, for all forts of goods, from ‘June 13 to June 23, which last is the biggest Fair-day. There is no house bel. to it, but only booths.

Stow, [Lincoln.) bet. the city of that name and Gainsborough, is suppoled to be the ancient Sidnacester, once the feat of the Bps. of this Co. called the Bps. of Lindifler, Its privileges are greater than those of any place hereabouts, except Lincoln, and did once exceed even that, it having been famous before Lincoln was a Bp’s. See; and the common notion is, that this was heretofore its mother Ch. The Ch. which, is a very large fabrick, was founded by one of the Bps. of Dorchester in Oxfordshire, and rebuilt by the first Bp. of Lincoln. In Stow-park, I m. from the Ch. there was once an abbey, which was afterwards made a Bp’s. palace; but there is little of the ruins now to be seen.

Stow, (Nortbamf.) near WeedonBeck, or Weedon on the Street, has a noble monument erected in its Ch. to the memory of the late Dr. Tho. Turner, president of Corpus-ChrisliColl. in Oxford, who left money to his executors for the purchasing this manor, and settling it on the sons of the clergy, for the relief of such widows and orphans of the clergy as the governors mould think proper.

{j’stow-market, {Saff-) 3m. from Needham, 8 from Mendlelham, and 60 cm. 73 mm. from London, is a large T. the center of the Co. and

on the banks *f- the Orwell, with a well stored Mt. en Tb. several good inns, a ml. of tammies, and other Norwich sluti’o, and a ch. fe. It has a spacious beautiful Ch, with 8 tuneable bells, a large steeple, and lefty, spire, hardly to be matched in thil Co. being no sect high. Its Fairs are Wbitjm-Tr. and June 29, and a lamb Fair Aug. 1. The manor anci ently bel. to the abbey of St. Osy th.

Stow-bardolph, [Norfolk,)on the N. E. side of Downham, so denominated from its ancient Lds. the Bardolphs, one of whom had the grant of a Fair here in the R. of Henry III. has a stately mansionhouse, the seat of Sir Ralph Hare, lit. which was built near 130 years ago, by his ancestor Nicholas Hare, who purchased this estate, and left it to his brother Hugh, created Baron Colcrane by K. Cha. I. by whom it was much improved. There ore several monuments of the Spelmriii’s family in its p.-Ch. In the fenny grounds hereabouts there is great plenty of turf for firing.

Stowborough, (Dors,t.) on the r. Frome, a fort of suburb to Wareham, of which the inh. say it was the mother T. ‘Tis a little place, with an officer, whom they call a bailiff, and had till lately a mayor. . It pretends to some privileges supposed to have been granted to it, as having been the ancient demesne of the crown.

S T o w E r. L, (G/oc.) on the r. Coin, near Northleech, bel. anciently for a good while to the Mar., tells, and was afterwaids purchased by John How, Esq; who was paymaster of the guards, &V. in the R. of Q^Anne, the ancestor of the present Ld. Chedworth, who has a pleasant scat and park here. Its neat little Ch. is annexed to Hampnet.

Stower, Eas T-oVer and West-over, (Dorset.) S. W. of Shaltlbury, are only parted by a bridge over the Stoure. One of them bel. to the mon. of Shai’tibury, but at at the Diss. was given by Edw. VI, to Tho. Wriothesley Earl of Southamp” or.

{C^ Stowey, (Somcr.) ‘on the S. fide of Stanton-Drew, T20 cm. 146 mm. from London, bel. anciently to the Colombcrs, who get leave to make a park here, and obtained of Edward I. a Mt. on T». with a 3 days Fair at the Nativity of the Virgin Mary. It afterwards came to the Touchets Lds, Audley.

S T o w-Lang Toft, [Suffolk,) near Ixworth, the manor-house whereof was the feat of Jeffery Pecher, and afterwards of that curious antiquary Sir SimonJs D’Ewes, from whom it descended to Sir Jermin D’Ewes, Bt. but it is now Tho. Norton’s. ‘Stow-maries, (Effex,) to the N. of N. Fambridge, bel. not a great while ago to Sir Will. Maxey, and now to the Ld. Fermannagh,

Stowtimc, (Kent,) 3 m. and half S.W. from Elham, bel. anciently to Christ-Ch. Canterbury. In the R. of K. John it had the grant of a Mt. on 1u. and a two days Fair at the Assumption os the Virgin. ‘Tis now the estate of Thomas Jenkins, whose great grandfather, Mr. Jenkins of Eythorn, bought it of Josiah Clark, of Westerfield in Essex, Dr. Gale fays, Roman coins have been found here j and ’tis said by others, that in the old park, long before it was laid open, several urns were found lying in a stone trough.

Strafford, (Tork. W. R.) is a passage over the Dun, by the Rom-n Ikenild-Street, bet. Doncaster and Rotheram, which gives name to a wapentake, as it has done title of Earl to the family of Wentworth, since the first so created, who was beheaded in the R. osCha. I.

Stratford-st. Andrew’s, {Suffolk,) on the S.W. side of Saxmundham, near Benhale, once bel. partly to the priory of Butlee on the Stour.

Stratford -st. Mary’s, (Sufiitj) near Dedham, 4 m. W. of

East-Bergholt, is a trading thoroughfare, and employed in the woollen mf. It has a Fair “June i 1.

Stratford At Bow, (Midd.) on the E. side of London, whose bridge over the Lea r. to Essex was built by Maud, wife of He: ry I. ay its old Ch. was by Henry II. hnd formerly a nunnery, founded by William the Norman, who was Bp. of London in the R. of the Conqueror. Its Ch. which was a chapel of ease to Stepney, was lately made parochial. This place is noted for a inf. of purccllain, htely erected. See Bow.

£3= Stratford-fenny, (Buch,) 6 m. from Hockliff, on the Watling-Strect Roman way, to the S. E. of Stony-Stratford, had a charter granted by K.. James I. Aug. 13, 1609, for a Mt. on M. ‘Tis part in Bleachley and part in Sutton p. ‘Tis about 40 cm. 49 mm. from London.

Stratfor D-long-thorn, (Effcx,) the first village in the Co. next to London, in the p. of Westham, had an abbey, which, with the site thereof, and the Ch. and Ch.yard, was given by Henry VIII. to Sir Peter Meautys of Westham, whom he sent ambassador to France j and part of the wall which keeps out the Thames, is still called Meautys’s. Wall. ‘Tis said Sir Tho. Campbel bought this estate in the last century; Air. Price married his daughter, who. has since fold it to John Pickering.

Stratford-old, (Northamf.) on the Ouse, opposite to StonyStratford. In the neighbouring fields many Roman coins have been found. A little to the N. of the Horse-slioe inn stood cne of Q^ Eleanor’s Crosses, which was pulled down in the civil wars.

Stratford, ( Warwick. ) near Tamworth, on the Watling-Strcetway, where it crosses the r. towards Falely, did bel. to the Frevills, Lds. of Tarn worth-Castle, and since to the family of Ferrers.

f£jf* Str Attord-st O N Y, (bucks,) stands with a stone-bridge on the r, Ouse, to which the WatlingS rcet comes cross the Co. from Dunitabje, 6 m. from Fenny-Stratford, 44 crn- 53 mm. from London, in the road to Chester, It is a large T. with a p.-Chs. and the houses for most part of stone. K, Edw. I. erected one of the crosses, here, in memory of his Eleanor. The Mt. isf. FairTWy 2.2. Here is a small ch.se. The chief mf. in this T. and neighbourhood is bone-lace. In May 1743, 150 houses here were wholly destioyed by fire. Here are 2 chapels in the ps. of Calverton and Wolverton.

£3* Stratford On Avon , (JVurio.) 72 cm. 97 mm. from London, in the road to it from Henley in Arden, bel. above 300 years before the conquest, to the Bp. of Worcester, together with a park. K. Rich. I. granted it a Mt. onT&. and K. John a Fair on Trinity-eve, and 2 days after William de Bleys, Bp. cf Worcester, procured it another Fair May 26, and Walter de Cantilupe another en Sept, 14, and 2 days after. Another Bp. vie. Giffard, procured it a Fair, in the R. of Hen. III. upon H’Jy-Tb, and the day before and as ter. Another of the Bps. in the R. of Ed. II. obtained a charter for its Mt. on Tbt and added another Fair at the latter end of June. In the R. of Edw, VI. Nich. Heath, Bp. of Worcester, passed this manor, when it was let at 60 I. a year, by the name of OldStratford, to John Dudley, E. cf Warwic, afterwards D. of Northumberland; upon whose attainder, Q^ Mary granted it first to his Pss. and then to the Savoy-hos. near London. K. Edw. VI. made this T. a cerp, consisting of a bailiff and burgesses, who were to bear the name of aid. and to have a common seal, &c. It is now governed by a mayor, recorder, high-steward, 12 aid. of whom two are justices, and 12 capital burgesses. Trimty-Ch. here is thought to be almost as old as the Norman conquest,but

parts of it have been at several times rebuilt. Here was formerly a collegiate-Ch. which was granted by Ed# VI. to the D. of Northumberland, abovementioned; upon whose attainder it came to the crewn, and there continued a long time j for we find, that in the iSth of Eliz. ihe granted a lease of it to Rich. Coningiby, for 21 years. It came afterwards to the Combes family, and about 1700 was purchased by the Keyts of Ebrington in Glocestersliire, the ancestors of Sir Will. Kcyt, Bt. Here is a fr. grammar fe, and an almsti. and a fair stone bridge over the Avon, with a long causey at the W. end of it, walled on both sides j which bridge and causey were erected, in the R. of Hent VII. by Hugh Clopton, ence Ld.-mayor of London, who built here a chapel of ease j whereas before there being only a timber-bridge, and no causey, the passage was very dangerous en the overflowing of the r, which to this T; is navigable by barges. The said Mr. Clopton built himself a house here by the chapel, which Edw. VI. gave to Mr. Reeve and Mr. Cotton of London, and their heirs, to hold of the manor of E. Greenwich. It is remarkable, that this T. gave birth and burial to the famous poet, Will. Shakespear. The chief trade here is corn and malt, of which it makes abundance. ShottryMeadow, near this place, is noted fop horse-races. The’Fairsnoware HolyTb. May 1, and Sept. 8.

Str Atton, {Btdf.) nearBigglcswade, bel. formerly to the Latimers, the Enderbics, and the Pigots, znd is now the feat of — Cotton, Bt.

J^» Stratton, {Corniv.) 174, cm. 211 mm. from London, which gives name to its H. is noted chiefly for its orchards, gardens, and garlicky and countryman’s treacle. Here it was that Sir Ralph Hopton, in the civil wars, defeated the Pt’s, majorgeneral Chudleigh, and took him prisoner, for which he was made a Ld. with the title of Baron Stratum, but for want of heirs it became er

tincr. Here is a Mt. on Tu. and Cha. 1. for many years. The maocr

Fairs May 8, and 03. 28. came by marriage to the D. of Ecd

Street-houses andSTR Eet- ford. Lane, [Tori. W. R.) near Leeds, Stretton, (Rut.) bet. the five

so called from the Via Vicinalis pas- m. cross and Lincolnshire, anciently

sing through it, frpm the Watling- belonged to’ Market-Overton, and

Street to the Roman station that was afterwards, in the R. of Henry VI,

at Addle. it bel. as a manor of the crown, to

Strellet, (Nott.) on theN.W. Humphry D. of Glocester, his uncle,

fide of Ncttingham, long the estate of Then it came to the Harringtons,

an eminent family of the fame name, who held it in foccage of the manor

where was great plenty of coal. of East-Greenwich, and fold it to

Strensham, (Wore.) S.W. of the ancestors of the Earl of Ganes.

Parfhore, not far from the influx of borough.
the Avon into the Severn, bel. an-
ciently to the Delaware and the
Wests, then to the Riissels, the last
cf whom, Sir Francis Ruffe!, Bart.

Stretton, (Stafford.) on the, Watling-Street by the Pcnk, S.W. of Penkridge, was for many ages the fear of the Congieves, where was found built and endowed an hos. here fr.r not very long a^o, a remarkable piece 6 poor widows, and his relist settled cf Roman antiquity, >vix, the brass a ch. fc. They had a ^isrk here. head of the bolt of a catapulta.

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Stretton-all, (Sahj>,) near the Quenny r. to the N. E. of Church-Strctton and I.lttle-Strerton, came to the Thynnes family by Sir John Thynne’s marriage wirh a daughter of Sir Rowland Hayward.

S T R E T T O N-BAS K E R V I I..”,

K.W. side of Saffron-Waiden, lies (ff’jriu.) on the Watling-Street, to en the Ermin-Street, as it goes from the N. of Wolvey, bel. anciently Chichester to London. ‘Tis in the to the Mortimers, the Bafkervilc-, record reckoned a hamlet to Little- Ralph Fitz-Nicholas, the Tvvyruids, bury, and bel. with it heretofore to” and the Smiths; but is since, with the mon. of Ely, as it did afterwards its Ch. gone to ruin. In a ground, to the Bp. In 1635, it was the called the Township, the extent of it estate of Robert Newport, and being is plainly to be seen, with the lanes, mortgaged, was also fold to Edward streets, Ch.-yard, &c. as also the Coilh.n cf Bristol. Since his death, site of the mansion-houre of Ralph fix. in T721, it has been the estate Fitz-Nicholas, and several pools ncai of Rob. Carr of Isiewortb. Burton-Hastings.

Stretham, (Surry,) bet. Mit- Stretton Upon Dcnsmore, iham and Dulwich, 3 m. N. from (ffartu.) to the E. of Stonelcy, near Croydon, and 6 S. W. of London, Woolston and Marston, bel. heretnfor some years belonged to the How- sore in part to the monks of Burton land’s family, of which there are and Combe, and was fold 130 years many tombs in itsCh. and used to ago, by Geo. Tatc, to Rich. Tayior. be frequented for its medicinal wells, of Binley. Here used to be a wake It has a ch. se. and a dole every Sun- on the Sunday after All-faints-day. day, of zi two-penny loaves, given StrettonOfon The Roman by Sir Giles Howland, whose son, Fosse-way, (War<u>.) to the S.W. Sir Matthew Howland, was gentle- of Shipfton, bel. anciently, for great sun pensioner to K. James I. and part at least, to the abbey of Bordef

Y y 3 ley;

England’s gazetteer: or, An accurate description of all the cities …, Volume 2

By Stephen Whatley

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