sort partial for timeline
THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES C 66/1392, m. 25
Transcript and translation copyright © Nina Green 2010 All Rights Reserved
SUMMARY: The document below is the copy on the patent rolls of the Queen’s licence,
dated 1 February 1592, authorizing Oxford and his second wife, Elizabeth Trentham
(d.1612), to alienate the rectory of Messing to George Maxey. For the fine, dated 5 May
1592, by which clear title to the rectory of Messing passed from Oxford and Elizabeth
Trentham to George Maxey, see TNA CP 25/2/135/1725/34ELIZIEASTER, Item 43.
Grant(?) of licence to alienate for George Maxey
The Queen to all to whom etc., greeting. Know ye that we of our especial grace and for
thirty-five shillings six pence & [+one] farthing paid to our farmers by virtue of our
letters patent have granted & given licence, and for us, our heirs & successors, by how
much is in us by these presents do grant & give licence to our dearest cousin Edward,
Earl of Oxford, & Elizabeth, his wife, that they might be able to give & grant, alienate or
acknowledge by fine or by recovery in our court before our justices of the Common Pleas
or by any other manner whatsoever at the pleasure of themselves, the Earl & Elizabeth, to
our beloved George Maxey, esquire, the rectory of Messing with the appurtenances and
two messuages, one toft, three gardens, three orchards, sixty acres of land, twenty acres
of meadow, forty acres of pasture & ten acres of wood with the appurtenances in
Messing, and all & all manner of tithes, portions, pensions, oblations & obventions
whatsoever growing, renewing or arising in Messing, Easthorpe, Feering, Layer Marney
& Inworth, and also the advowson of the vicarage of the church of Messing in our county
of Essex which are held of us in chief, as it is said, to have & to hold to the same George
and his heirs & assigns forever of us, our heirs & successors, by the services owed
therefore, & of right customary;
And by the tenor of these presents we have similarly given, and for us, our heirs &
successors aforesaid we do give special licence to the same George that he might be able
to receive from the forenamed Earl & Elizabeth & hold to himself and his heirs & assigns
forever of us, our heirs & successors by the services aforesaid, as is aforesaid, the
foresaid rectory, messuages, lands, tenements, advowson and other all & singular the
premises above expressed & specified with the appurtenances;
Not willing that the foresaid Earl & Elizabeth or their heirs, or the forenamed George or
his heirs by reason of the premises by us, our heirs or successors, or by our justices,
escheators, sheriffs, bailiffs or other officers or ministers or [+those] of our said heirs or
successors whatsoever might be troubled therefore, molested, interfered with, vexed in
anything or oppressed, nor any of them might be troubled, molested, interfered with,
vexed in anything or oppressed. In [+testimony] of which thing etc. Witness the Queen
at Westminster on the first day of February.
LM: D’ licencie alienando pro Georgio MaxeyTHE NATIONAL ARCHIVES C 66/1392, m. 25 2
Transcript and translation copyright © Nina Green 2010 All Rights Reserved
1 Regina Omnibus ad quos &c salutem Sciatis quod nos de gracia nostra speciali ac pro
2 solidis sex denarijs & quadrante solutis ffirmarijs nostris virtute litterarum nostrarum
3 & licenciam dedimus ac pro nobis heredibus & successoribus nostris quantum in nobis
est per presentes
4 concedimus & licenciam damus Carissimo Consanguineo nostro Edwardo Comiti
Oxonie & Elizabethe
5 vxori eius quod ipsi Rectoriam de Messing cum pertinentijs ac duo mesuagia vnum
Toftum tria gardina
6 tria pomaria sexaginta acras terre viginti acras prati quadraginta acras pasture &
7 decem acras bosci cum pertinentijs in Messing ac omnes & omnimodo decimas
8 oblaciones & obuenciones quascumque crescentes renouantes siue emergentes in
9 ffeeringe laermarney & Inford aceciam aduocacionem vicarie ecclesie de Messing in
10 nostro Essex Que de nobis tenentur in Capite vt dicitur dare possint & concedere
11 aut cognoscere per finem vel per recuperacionem in Curia nostra coram Iusticiarijs
nostris de Banco aut
12 aliquo alio modo quocumque ad libitum ipsorum Comitis & Elizabethe dilecto nobis
13 Armigero habendum & tenendum eidem Georgio ac heredibus & assignatis suis
imperpetuum de nobis heredibus &
14 successoribus nostris per seruicia inde debita & de iure consueta Et eidem Georgio
15 predictam Rectoriam mesuagia terras tenementa aduocacionem ac cetera omnia &
singula premissa superiusTHE NATIONAL ARCHIVES C 66/1392, m. 25 3
Transcript and translation copyright © Nina Green 2010 All Rights Reserved
16 expressa & specificata cum pertinentijs a prefatis Comite & Elizabetha recipere possit
& tenere sibi ac
17 heredibus & assignatis suis de nobis heredibus & successoribus nostris per seruicia
predicta sicut predictum est
18 imperpetuum tenore presencium similiter licenciam dedimus ac pro nobis heredibus &
successoribus nostris predictis
19 damus specialem Nolentes quod predicti Comes & Elizabetha vel heredes sui aut
20 vel heredes sui ratione premissorum per nos heredes vel successores nostros aut per
21 vicecomites Balliuos aut alios Officiarios seu Ministros nostros aut dictorum heredum
22 successorum nostrorum quoscumque inde occasionentur molestentur impetantur
vexentur in aliquo seu
23 grauentur nec eorum aliquis occasionetur molestetur impetatur vexetur in aliquo seu
grauetur In cuius
24 rei &c Teste Regine apud Westmonasterium primo die Februarij
Repository: Essex Record Office
Level: Category Miscellaneous
Level: Fonds MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS RECORDED BY ESSEX SOCIETY FOR FAMILY HISTORY
Level: Item Monumental inscriptions
Reference Code T/Z 151/113
Dates of Creation December 1993
Extent 1 item
Title [Monumental inscriptions]
Scope and Content Monumental inscriptions at the parish church of Holy Trinity, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall. Recorded December 1993.
Includes pen and ink drawing of church by Charles Grigg Tait taken from The Parish Churches of South East Essex, notes on the church, indexes of persons, places in Essex, places out of Essex, occupations and stonemasons, with map of churchyard and church interior.
Memorials in the churchyard include those for Sophia Sadler, died 1912 ‘For over 50 years the faithful friend and servant of the Warwicker family’; Elizabeth Hunt, for over 30 years headmistress of Bradwell Church School, died 1919
Memorials in church include those to Rear Admiral John T.S. Hall, C.I.E., Master Mariner, buried at sea off Portsmouth, 1964 and son Lieutenant John H.S. Hall, Royal Navy, H.M.S. Fulmar, died 1958; Revd. GrevilleTurner Brunwin-Hales, rector of St. Mary-at-the-Walls, Colchester, died 1932, and sons Captain Greville Oxley Brunwin-Hales, Royal Flying Corps, killed near Arras, 1917 and Second Lieutenant Henry Tooke Brunwin-Hales, Lincolnshire Regiment, killed at the Hohenzollern Redoubt, 1915; Edward Beaucock, doctor of medicine, Knight of the robe, gentleman of the Privy Chamber, Master Extraordinary in Chancery and justice of the peace, died 1665; Honourable Michael Nolan of Bedford Square, London and Geraldstown in the County of Meath, Ireland, King’s Counsel and Chief Justice of Soth Wales, died 1827; Maxey family monuments, include Sir William Maxey, died 1645, he had ten children ‘He was / a man of joshuas resolution yt he and his howse / should serve ye Lord … bring up al thouse his children to learn in their / youth to fear God and honour ye King his constant / course was to call them up by 5 of ye clok in the / morning and caausing them to demand his blessing/ upon their knees … Ye Lords prayer ye beliefe, and ye / Ten Comandents and then caused every one / of them one after ye other to read some of / David Psalmes, and each of them a chapter, and / to give an anaccoypt what they remembred … He died in his / good old age a true subject to Charles ye first and / no rebell”, his three sons Grevil Maxey, captain of ‘one of his Matis. train bands in Essex’, died 1648, William Maxey, served Charles I ‘in all his wars against his / rebells and was Major Generall of his horse attey siege att Colchester’, died 1659 and Henry Maxey ‘served King / Charles in all his wars and was Adjutant Genrall of his horse’
Also in church War Memorial listing names and regiments of those killed in First and Second World Wars
Creator Name Essex Society for Family History
Date From 1993
Date To 1993
This document has been indexed. The indexes are listed below.
Index Type Index Terms Description
Monumental inscriptions, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, to Maxey family who served Charles I in Civil War
First World War
War Memorial listing those from Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall killed
Elizabeth Hunt, headmistress of Bradwell Church School for more than 30 years, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1919
Second World War
War Memorial listing those from Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall killed
Siege of Colchester
William Maxey, Major General of Royalist horse artillery, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1659
List of those from Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall killed in First and Second World Wars
Monumental inscription to servant Sophi Sadler, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1912
Pen and ink drawing of Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall church taken from The Parish Churches of South East Essex
Doctor of medicine, Knight of the robe, gentlamen of the Privy Chamber, Master Extraordinary in Chancery, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1665
Over 30 years headmistress of Bradwell Church School, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1919
Captain of trained band in Essex, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1648
Adjutant General of Charles I horse, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall
Lawyer and judge, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1827
Servant of Warwicker family for more than 50 years, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1912
Major General of Royalist horse artillery at Siege of Colcheester, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1659
Royal Flying Corps, killed near Arras, 1917, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall
Royal Navy, H.M.S. Fulmar, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1958
C.I.E., Master Mariner, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1964
Honorary Canon of Chelmsford Cathedral, rector of St, Mary-at-the-Walls, Colchester, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1932
Lincolnshire Regiment, killed at the Hohenzollern Redoubt, 1915, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall
Justice of the peace, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1645
Church of Holy Trinity
Monumental inscriptions recorded 1993
Church of St. Mary-at-the-Walls
Rector Revd. Greville Brunwin-Hales, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1932
Pen and ink drawing of Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall church by Charles Grigg Tait taken from The Parish Churches of South East Essex
Holy Trinity, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, recorded 1993
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall Church of England School
Elizabeth Hunt, headmistress for more than 30 years, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1919
Church of England
Monumental inscriptions, Bradwell-juxta-Cogeshall, recorded 1993
Essex Society for Family History
Monumental inscriptions, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, recorded 1993
Lieutenant John H.S. Hall, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1958
Second Lieutenant Henry Brunwin-Hales, killed at the Hohenzollern Redoubt, 1915, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall
Royal Flying Corps
Captain Greville Brunwin-Hales killed near Arras, 1917, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall
Lieutenant John H.S. Hall, H.M.S. Fulmar, monumental inscription, Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, 1958
Burke’s genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry, Volume 1
By John Burke
BRUCE OF KENNET.
Bares, Alexander-hugh, of Kennet, co. Clackmannan, and Demyot, co. Perth, b. 13 Jan. 1819, of Oriel College, Oxford; declared by the House of Lards to have made out hia claim to the Barony of Bftlfbnr, of Burleigh.
iLfnrJigc.—Robert De Burs, a noble Norman knight, the first on record of this great and patriotic family, attended The Conqueror into England. From him descended the Brcces of Clackmannan.
Sib Robert De Bruts, 2nd Baron of Clackmannan, granted to his 2nd son, Tbomss De Bruce, the lands of Wester Kennet, Pitfolden, and Cruickitlands, in the shire of Clacknan nan. The Laird of Kennet u*. temp. Jakes I. His greatgreat – threat -grandson,
Robert Bruce, of Kennet, served heir 13″ June, 166ft, m. a dau. of Andrew Kinninmont of that ilk, in Fifcshirc, and had an only dau. and heiress,
Margaret Bruce, of Kennet, who m, Archibald Bruce, son nf the deceased David Bruce, of Green, a younger son of Sir David Bruce, of Clackmannan, in 1568, and had a son,
Robert Bruce, of Kennet, served heir to his mother, 6 Feb. 1689. He To. 1599. Elizabeth, dau of Alexander Gall, of Maw, in Fifeshire, and left a son and successor,
Robert Bruce, of Kennet, who m. Agnes, dau. of Patrick Murray, of Perdowic, by Margaret Colville his wife, dau. of Lord Colville, of Culross, and by her had issue,
I. David, his heir.
ii. Alexander (Rev.), M.A., of Gariet, near Kennet, m. Margaret, dau. of James Cleland, of Stnnepath, co. Peebles, and by her, who d. at Gariet, 1722, had a son (with two other sons, Alexander and David; as many daus., viz., Margaret, d. unm., and Rachel, wife of John Cleland, whose dau., Margaret, was mother of the Rev. John Jamieson, D.D., F.R.S., author of the Scottish Dictionary, James, of Gariet, chief judge of Barbadoes, who To. Keturah. dau. of Capt. Joseph French, and by her, who d. in London, 1775, left issue,
1 Joseph-Osborne Bruce, Esq. of Gariet. a J.P., and for
some time Judge of the court of Common Pleas, Ilarba-
does; m. Jane, dau. and heir of Lieut.-Gen. Samuel Bar-
wick, governor of Barbadoes ; and (/. 1787, leaving issue,
James-Conrade Bruce, d «. p. m. 1797.
Samuel-La Roque (who left Issue an only dau., Jane,
wife of George Richards, Esq, who remarried, at her
decease, a d m. of Hon. Samuel Hindes, president of the
council at Barbadoes).
Barwick Bruce, M.D., J.P., who To. Amabel, dau. and
co-heir of Nathaniel Walrond, Eaq. (see Walrond of
Dafford Hou.*’.), and d. 1841, having had issue,
Alexander, major in the army, u*. in early life, unm.
Samucl-Barwick, M.D., d. in London, 185*2, leaving,
by Jane his wife, dau. of William Downing, Esq.,
two sons and two dans., viz., 1 William-Downing
Bruce, Esq. of Lincoln’s Inn, banister-at-law, F.S.A.,
a judge in Jamaica, m. 1847, Louisa-Emily, dau. of
“William Plomer, Esq. of Linbourne and Whitehil),
Mid Lothian, J.P. and D.L., only son of Sir William
Plomer, and by her had issue two ions and four
dans., viz.. Robert-I’alrymple – Rarwlcl. R.N.; Wil-
liam – Alexander-Beresford – Barwick; Laura – Eliza-
beth – Amabel-Walrond, m. to — Kennedy, Eaq.;
Louisa-Keturah-French; Jane-Barwick-Alice; and
Margaret-Cleland; 2 Robert – Cathcart – Dalrymple,
capt. in the army, m. 1857, Helen, only child of
John Dunlop, Esq., and has issue; 1 Elizabeth-Jane;
2 Amabel-Emma, d. 1858.
Nathaniel-French (the Rev.), P.D., m. at New York,
Sarah-Eliza, dau. of Dr. Benton, and has, Alexander-
Caleb, in holy orders: Edward-Livingston; Samutl-
Barwick: Henry-Hobart; Stella-Eliza; Sarah-Bar-
wiek; Frances-La Roque; Mary-Jane-Walrond.
Frances-La Roque, d. unm. 1851.
Elizabeth-Keturah. m. to James Beresford, Esq., an officer in the army, and rf. 1862.
Mary-Dalrymple, m. to William-Watson Tudor, Esq., and has issue.
2 Robert, an officer in the 65th regt., d. unm
3 Alexander, M.D , of Edinburgh, m. Dorothy, dan. of James Shephard, Esq., judge of the Court of Exchequer, Barbadoes, and by her, who d. in London, 1816, left issue,
Keturah-Shephard, m. 1st, to Capt. Devenlsh, R.N. (and had a son, James-Alexander, lieut. 53rd regt., killed at Salamanca, Spain, 19 June, 1812, and a dau., Keturah, wife of Alexander-Grey Davison, Esq.); and 2ndly, to William Murray, of the civil service, and had further issue, William; Alexander-Bruce: Dorothy-Bruce, wife of Samuel Hannan, Esq., member of Her Majesty’s Council in Antigua; and Elizabeth-Pilgrim, wife of Gen. S.-H. Berkeley, ool. of the 75th regt., and commander-in-chief in the West Indies.
1 Elizabeth, m. to James Straker. Esq., barrister-at-law, left an only child, Marianne, m. to Col. Hew Dalrymple, major 49th regt., grandson of Hew, Lord Druniuore.
2 Keturah. wife of the Rev. John Pilgrim, M.A., of New Windsor, Berks, and d. s.p. 1829
The eldest son of Robert and Agnes Bruce,
David Bruce, of Kennet, To. Margery, dau. of David Younr, Esq. of Kirkton, co. Fife, and bad six sons and two daus., of whom the eldest son,
David Bruce, of Kennet, d. v.n and was s. by his next surviving son,
James Bbcce, of Kennet. who, in 1688. attended thePaixcB or Orange to England; in 1689 was appointed captain in the Earl of Leven’s regiment of foot, and eventually, after serving many years with high reputation, attained the rank of brigadier-general. He To. 1690, Mary, dau. of Sir Alexander Swinton, of Mersington, senator of the College of Justice, 2nd son of Sir Alexander Swinton, of that ilk, and had (with thrve daus., Alice, m. to George Dundaa, ot Dundas; Mary; an<i Jean, To. to John Edgar, Esq.) four sons, Alexander, his heir; James, advocate before the Court of Session and master of the Mint, who To. and had children; William-Henry, capt. R.N., who m. an English lady, but d. j. p.; and John, a churchman, who w. Jean, dau. of James Bruce, of Powforls, and had issue. Brigadier-Gen. Bruce d. Aug. 1728, and waa s. by his son,
Alexander Bruce, of Kennet, who served several campaigns with reputation in Flanders, during Queen Anne’s wars, and was appointed, 1715, major of the regiment raised in support of the government by the town of Glasgow. He >«. 1714, Mary, 2nd dau. of Robert Balfour, 4th Lord Burleigh, and djlllg 1747, leit, with a dau., Margaret, m. to Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bart, of Kerse, a son,
Robert Bruce, Esq. of Kennet, an eminent lawyer, appointed, 1764, senator of the College of Justice, as Lord Kennet. He in. 1754, Helen, dau. of George Abercromby, Esq. of Tullibody, and sister to Gen. Sir Ralph Abercromby, by whom he had Alexander, his heir; Lnwrence-Dundas; James; Thomas; Ralph, lieut.-colonel in the army, d. 1864; Burnet: Mary; and Margaret, To. to Walter Watson, Esq. of Southucld, co. Edinburgh. Lord Kennet was by his son,
Alexander Bruce, Esq. of Kennet, who m. 15 Feb. 1*93, Miss Hugh Bluckbum. dau. of Hugh Blackburn, Esq. of Glasgow, and by her (who u*. Dec. 1851) had issue,
Robert, of Kennet.
George-Abercrombie, 6. 8 March, 1709; d. In the West Indies,
March, 1817, unm.
Hugh, t>. 10 Jan. 1800 ; advocate at the Scottish bar.
Lawrence-Dundas, b. 16 Nov. 180); midshipman; d. at
Deptford, Nov. 1817, unm.
William, 6. 24 March, 1806; sc. Louisa, dau. of Thomas Hull,
Esq., and d. I – leaving two daus , Harriet and Louis*.
Helen, m. to tiie Hon. Lord Handyside, one of the senators
of the College of Justice, who d. lt>58. Margaret.
Alexander Bruce d. July, 1808, and was s. by his son.
Robert Bruce, Esq. of Kennet, J.P. andD.L.,6. 8 Dec 179ft; capt. gren. guards, and MP. for the county; served in the Peninsula and at Waterloo; m. 1st, 12 April, 1825, Anna, eldest dau. of William Murray, Esq. of Touchadam und P<»1maise, Stirlingshire, which lady d. a, p. 1846. He m. 2ndlr,
*S April, IS 18, Jane Hamilton, dan. of Sir James Fcrgnsson, Hart, of Kilkerran, co, Ayr, and had issue.
Alexa>doi-hcgh, now of Kennet.
Mr. Brace d. 13 Sept. 1868.
A7int—Or, a saltier and chief, gu., lis last charged wifc a mullet, arg.
Crrwt—A hand holding a sceptre, ppr.
eVits— Kennet in Clackmannarshlre; Demyot, Perthshire; *c?i Gran^emuir, Fifeshire.
BRUCE OF KXNrJAIBD.
CuMMrsG-BBCCB, Citaules-lex>ox, Esq. of Kin
Baird, co. Stirling, m. 1820, Mary-Elizabeth, only dim.
of j’auics Bruce, Esq. of Kinnaird, and grand-dan. of
James Brace, the Abyssinian traveller, and has a dau.,
Eueabeth-m»xt, To. 22 April, 1841, to the Earl of Elgin,
and *i. 1843, leaving a dau.. Lady Elma Bruce, m. 1864, to
the Hon. Thomas-Hovell Thurlow.
Major Cumming-Brace, whose patronymic is CmrMing, and who is brother of the late Sir William Cumming-Gordon, Bart, of Altyre and Gordonstown, r.ssumed the additional surname of Bruce on his marriage. He formerly sat in Parliament for Inverness, and subsequently for Elginshire.
HilTfajrr.—The BsrcES of Kinnaird were a scion of the erreat northern house of Brock of Airth, deriving from Robert Rarest, of Kinnaird, a Presbyterian minister, who was 2nd son of Sir Alexander Bruce, of Airth, by Janet his wife, dau. of Alexander, 5th Lord Livingston, who d. about 1553. Tho male line continued until the decease of Alexander Bruce, of Kinnaird, whose dau. and heiress, Helen Bruce, of Kinnaird, «»- r>avid Hay, of Woodeockdale, and had a son and successor,
David Bruce, of Kinnaird, who m. a dau. of James Graham, Esq. of Airth, dean of the Faculty of Advocates, and Judge of the High Court of Admiralty in Scotland, by whom (who d. Not. 1733} he left at his decease, a son and successor.
Jams Becce, of Kinnaird, the celebrated traveller, and explorer of the Nile, 6. 14 Dec. 1730; who m. 1st, 1754, Miss Allan, who d. shortly after; and 2ndly, 20 May, 1776, Mary. dau. of Thomas Dundas, Esq. of Fingask, by whom he had two sons and a dau. He d. 27 April, 1791, and was jr. by his son, Janes Bscce, of Kinnaird, whose dau. and heir, Mart-elizaBeth, s,. Charles-lennox Cumming, Esq.
jr.,’1—Or. a saltier and chief, gu., the last charged with a mnUft, of the field.
&<Us—Kinnaird, Falkirk: and,Dunphail. Forres.
XNIGHT-BBUCE OP BOEHAMPTON
Knight-bruce, Lewis-bbuce. Esq. of Roehampton Priory, co. Surrey, and of Farehtwn, Sunbury, Middlesex, B.A. Oxford, J.P. Surrey and Middlesex, tn. Caroline, only dau. of Thomas Newte, Esq. of Tidombe, co. Devon, and has issue,
ui. Lewis-James Cornyn-Knight.
Mr. Knight-Bruce, who was educated at Eton, and fttliol College, Oxford, t. his father in the estate of Roehampton 1866.
ittiraSf.—James Bruce, Esq., B.N., claiming descent frirn the Bruces of Ktnntt, m. 1704, Margaret, dau. of William Holloway, Esq. of Alverstoke, co. Hants; and d. on board ILM.’s ship “Bedford” off Cape St. Vincent, 12 Nov. 1727, having had two sons. Robert, d. ». p , and
Wixuam Bruce, Esq- E.N., high sheriff of co. Glamorgan, who m- 1st, Jane, eldest dau. of Gabriel Lewis. Esq. of Lanishen, co. Glamorgan, sheriff 1716, by Jane his wife, dau. of Robert Popkin, Esq. of Forest, co. Glamorgan; and 2ndly, Mary, dau. of Richard Turbervil, Esq., M.P., of Ewenny Abbey, in the same shire, and by the former only had issue,
Thomas, in holy orders, rector of St. Nicholas, co. Glamorcan, d. vim. 1790.
Jane, d. u«nt. 1S26.
Margaret, of whom we treat.
BBUCE OF MILTOWW CASTLE.
Bbucb, Jonathan, Esq. of Miltown Castle, co. Cork, b. 18 Aug. 1819; m. 27 July, 18(15, AntiicSophia Hussey, dau. of Thomas Hussey de Bur^h, late capt. 61st regt., and grent-grand-dau. of the late Chief Baron Hussey Burgh, and has issue,
I. Georoz-evans, 6. 15 Nov. 1867. i. Kate.
ILittSJlijr.— This is a branch of the great Scottish house of Bruce. Alexander Bruce, 2nd son of Sir Andrew Bruce, of Earlshall, co. Fife (who was lineally descended from Sir Robert Brace, 1st Baron of Clackmannan), by Helen his wife, dau. of Patrick, 7th Lord Gray, took an active part as a royalist in the cause of King Charles I. In 1651, he was made a prisoner at the battle of Worcester, and suffered two years’ imprisonment. “As soon as this Alexander obtained his liberty” (we are quoting from Sir Robert Douglas’s Baronage of Seotlan>f\ “he m. Mary, only dau. of Capt. Brooks, commander of the 1 Swallow’ sloop of war, and niece of Jonathan Saul, Esq., an Irish gentleman, then residing in London, who had been very kind to him, both during his confinement and afterwards. In 1654, he retired to Ireland with his lady, and settled at Bandon, in that kingdom, where he d. some years thereafter, leaving issue a son.” This son,
Saul Bruce, was twice provost of Bandon, and lived in great friendship and intimacy with Sir Richard Cox, lord chancellor of Ireland, Judge Bernard, Ac. He m. Mary, dau of Mr. Kyce, burgess of Bandon, and had issue, Saul, who d. unm.; Jonathan, of whom presently; Charles; and David. The 2nd son,
The Vert Rev. Jonathan Bruce, dean of Kilfenora, m. Mary, dau. of Rev. Lewis Prytherich, and had issue, i. Lewis, D.D., vicar of Rainham, in Essex, and preacher of H.M.’s
Chapel in Somerset Home; u. Saul, d.$. p.,- in. Charles-David, d. s. p.; IV. Geoboe; I. Mary, m. to Capt. Samuel Hohsnn; II. Catherine, m. to — Delahidc; and in. Surah, Mrs. Roberts. The youngest son,
Geoboe Bruce, Esq., barrister-at-law, m. 1753, Mary, dau. of Thomas Evans, Esq. of Miltown Castle, co. Cork, M.P. (brother of George. 1st Lord Carbery), by Mary his wife, dau. of John Waller, Esq. of Castletown, co. Limerick, and by her (who d. Feb. 1799) left, with other issue, a sun,
The Rev. Jonathan Bbdce. of Miltown, who m. 17 April, 1781, his cousin, Mary, dau. of Eyre Evans. Esq. of Miltown Castle, and by her (who d. 9 Feb. 1837) had issue,
Geoboe, late of Miltown Castle.
Eyre-Evans, major-general H.E.I.C.S., married twice and has issue, George-Robert, and three dans.
Jonathan, m. Anne, dau. of Major Maxwell, and has six sons ind two daus.
Elizabeth-Evans, m. to Charles Conyers, Esq. of Castletown: she d. s. p. 1868.
Mary, Hi. to Eyre Massey, Esq. of Glenville. The eldest son,
Geoboe Bruce, Esq., o. 17 Jan. 1782; m. 4 Aug. 1818, Frances, 2nd dau. of Major Greene, H.E.I.C.S., by the Hon. Jane Massy his wife, dau. of Hugh, 2nd Lord Massy, and has issue,
Jonathan, now of Miltown Castle.
Jane-G reene. Mary.
Frances-Catherine, m. her cousin, Jonathan Massey, Esq. of Glenville.
Georgina-Evans, m. to Robert Gibbings, Esq. of Woodvillo. He d. 27 Feb. 186s.
Armt—Or, a saltire and chief, gu., on a canton, urg., a lion rampait, az. Crest—A lion rampant. Motu.es—” Fuiinus” and ” Re trcw.” ixat—Miltown Castle, co. Cork.
BRTJNWIN OF BEADWEIi.
Brunwin, Milbourne-Peter-carter, Esq. of Park House, Bradwell, co. Essex, 4. 3 Aug. 1S14; ». his father 20 Nov. 1839.
JLinrajC—Antont Maxet, Esq. of Great Sating HaH Essex (descended from the ancient family of Maxey, originally of Cheshire, and of Maxey Castle, co. Northampton), ia. Dorothy, widow of Robert Bonham, Esq., and dau. and heiress of Gregory Basset, Esq. of Bradwell Hall, son of John Basset, Esq. of Bradwell Hall, Kssex, by Catherine Andrews, his wife. niece of Sir John lit-nde, of Bradwell. At his marriajce, Antony Maxey removed from Great Saling, and made BradwtU his residence. His issue were. Sib Henrt Maxet, Knt.. high sheriff of Essex 1607, J. s. p. 22 Oct. 1624; Sib William Maxet; Dorothy, m. to Sir Edward Heron, one of the barons of the Exchequer; and Bridget, m. to Edward Wentworth, Esq. of Boeking Hall. Antony Maxey d. 12 Sept. 1592: his 2nd son,
Sib William Maxet, Knt., m. Helena, dau. of Sir Edward Greville, Knt. of Harold’B Park, Essex, by whom he had three sons and seven daus.: the former were, i. Greville; it. Henry, who was a great royalist, and served King Charles I. as adjutant-general ot his horse; ill. William, a traveller, who served the king in all his wars against the rebels, and was majorgeneral of his horse at the siege of Colchester: he d 25 Jan. 1659. Sir William d. 24 July, 1645, aged 88. His wife surviving him, was m. to Capt. Spencer. She d. 2 Nov. 1659, an! was buried by Sir William, in the parish church, where stands a sumptuous monument erected to their memory by Henry, their 2nd sou.
Greville Maxet, Esq., the eldest son, was captain of the trained bands of Essex. He d. 15 Feb. 1648. By his wife, Mildred, dau. of Sir William Cock, Knt. of Higliam, Gloucestershire, he had Antont; Henry; William, d. Uhm.: Greville, killed at Launy, Germany; Thomas, d. at Southampton; Edward, one of the king’s life guards; Helena, wife of Thomas Eden, Esq. of Doreward’s Hall, Booking: she remarried afterwards Richard Kirkeby, Esq. of Kirkcby Hall, Lancashire.
Antont Maxet, Esq., the eldest son, m. Susan, dau. of Sir William Poley, Knt. of Boxted, Suffolk, hut left no surviving issue. He sold the lordships of Saling Hall and Picots. in 1665, to Martin Carter, Esq., hut he left Bradwell Hall to his brother. Henrt Maxet, Esq., who, by his wife. Sarah, dau. of Humfrey Lowe, of Badow, had a son, Antont Maxet, who »». Elizabctlt, dau. of Martin Carter, Esq. of Saling Hall, and had by her, John, his only son, who d. 1727 Elizabeth, the mother, ct 1728. Upon her decease, the Bradwell estate, which had been settled upon Antony Maxey and Elizabeth his wife, and tl.e survivor of them, and the heirs of such survivor, descended to
Mabtin Carter. Esq. of Witham, her nephew and heir. This Martin Carter was the eldest son of John Carter, Gent, of Braintree, who was brother to Martin Carter, Esq., the last owner of that name of Great Saling Hall. Hed.23 July, 1754. He was twice married; but dying without surviving issue, hs left Bradwell Hall to his brother,
Milbocrne Caster, Esq. of Braintree. whose eldest son,
Mabtin Cabter, Esq , «. him: he d. 20 March, 1803. whereupon his widow, Jane, then had the estate for her life. Shs d. 23 Feb. 1819, when
Ann Bbdnwin, eldest surviving child of Milbourne Carter, Esq., came in possession. She d. 22 Jan. 1835, and was >. by her son,
The Rev. Mabtin-joun Bbunwin, who m. 1812, Mary-Ana Tweed, of a Suffolk family, and dying 20 Nuv. 1*39, left Issci..
BUCHAN OF AUCHMACOY.
Buchan, James, Esq. of Auchmacoy, co. Aberdeen,
J.P. and D.L., b. June, 1800; m. 12 June, 1833,
Helen, 2nd dau. of Garden Duff, Esq. of Huttou, co.
Aberdeen, and has issue,
i. Thomas, d. unm. 1866. i. Louisa.
!LtilCJ10C—There is a tradition that the first of this family, who is stated to have been a son of Comyn, Earl of BiKiian, held the estate of Auchmacoy of that powerful family, and, notwithstanding the almost general hostility of the clan to Robert Bruce, adhered so faithfully to that prince that he was allowed to retain his lands, on condition of his taking a new name, and that thereupon he chose that of Buchan. The representative of the Buchans of Auchmacoy, in the 17th century,
James Been Ax, of Auchmacoy, m. Margaret, dau. of Alexander Scton, of Pitmedden, and had four sons, Alexander, of Auchmacoy. James, who *. his brother, and of whom presently. Thomas, who served w th distinction in France and Holland, and was appointed by Charles II. col. of a regiment of foot in Scotland. Subsequently he was promoted to major-general by James 11., by whom he was appointed comniander of the forces in Scotland, after the fall of Viscount Dundee at Killiecrankie. He d. 1720. John, who commanded a regiment of foot for the Prince Of Oranoe.
The 2nd son,
James Buchan, *. his elder brother, Alexander. He was father of
James Bochan, of Auchmacoy, major in the service of James II., who m. a dau. of Sir John Forbes, Bart, of Craigievar, and had a son and heir,
Thomas Buchan, of Auchmacoy, who m. his cousin, Nicola, dau. of Thomas Buchan, of Cairnbutg, by his wife, the Hon. Grace Hamilton, dau. of the last Lord Bargany, and by her was father of
Thomas Bochan, uf Auchmacoy, who m. Euphemia. dau. of Robert Turner, Esq. of Memo, co. Aberdeen, and dying 1H19, left a son, the present James Buchan, Esq of Auchmacoy; and a dau., m. to Col. Sinclair. R.A.
Arm*—Quarterly: 1st and 4th, arg., three lions’ heads, erased, two and one, sa., langued, gu.. for Buchan; 2nd and 3rd, quarterly: 1st and 4th, gu., three cinquefoils, crm.; 2nd and 3rd, arg., a galley with her Rails furled, sa., all within a bordure cumpony, arg. and az.; the 1st charged with hearts, gu.; the 2nd with mullets, arg., being the arms of William, 3rd Lord Bargany, of whom Mr. Buchan is heir of line.
Crtxl—A suu shining on a sun-flower full blown, ppr.
Supporters—Dexter, a heron with an eel in its beak, all ppr.; sinister, an antelope, arg., collared, ~u., the collar charged with three cinquefoils, erni.
Motto—Non inferiora seeutus.
Heat—Auchmacoy House, Kllon, N.B.
BUCHANAN OF LENT.
BUCHANAN OF HALES HALL.
Buchanan, Rev, Albxander-hknby, of Hales
Hall, co. Stafford, J.P., 6. 10 Oct. 1790; m. 15 Nov.
1819, Susanna, dau. of Nathauiel-Muxey Pattisoii,
Esq. of West House, Cheshire, and has issue,
i. Phillips, J.P., m. 1848, Louisa-Lucy, dau. of Robert-
Townley Parker, Esq.,M.P., of Cuerden Hall, Lancashire.
II. James-Maxey, -w. Sophia, only child of A. Bar well,
Esq., C.S., Sod of U. Mai well, Ksq, of SlansleaJ.
named) has increased in population in the past ten years only 4o,644 persons, or at the rate of 11.7 per cent.! This rate of increase would place the County of Essex (exclusive of the two Registration Districts named) eighteenth, instead of easily first, on the list of English and Welsh counties ranged in order as regards the rate of increase in their populations. These are surprising facts, even if not new.
To proceed: Essex is divided into sixteen Registration Districts, of which nine have increased in population during the past ten years, whilst the remaining seven have decreased during the same period, as the following table shows: — Registration District. Area in acres. Population. Increase. Decrease.
West Ham 18,786 58o,3o6 215,172 —
Romford 47,652 95.458 45.445 —
Rochford 63,121 5MI3 2o,842 —
Tendring 84,o76 45.o48 7.777 —
Orsett 41,298 33.721 6,411 —
Epping 48,II7 30,459 4-322 —
Colchester 11,333 38,351 3,792 —
Chelmsford 86,157 36,297 2,115 —
Billericay 49.851 22i430 1,881 —
Maldon 89,887 23,112 — 386
Ongar 47.236 1o,o44 — 5^
Lexden 71.o49 21,132 — 59o
Halstead 39.359 16,248 — 621
Dunmow 73,503 x5.7o5 — 969
Braintree 68,285 26,89o — 1.591
Saffron Walden 64,5o5 16,132 — 1,826
(16) 9o4.215 1,o62,452 3o7.757 6,496
Nett increase 3o1,261
The increases in the West Ham and Romford Districts have been noticed already. The next largest increase (nearly 21,ooo) is in the Rochford District. This increase is due mainly to the growth in the population of Southend, which is, in a sense, suburban.
Of the seven Registration Districts which have decreased, all (with the single exception of the Ongar District) are purely rural and agricultural. The greatest decrease (1,826 persons, or to.i per cent.) is in the Saffron Walden District. The Braintree and Dunmow Districts follow, with decreases of 1,591 (or 5*5 per cent.) and 969 (or 5-8 per cent.i, respectively.
It is easy to see at a glance that the nine Registration Districts which have increased are those which include or lie nearest to our chief centres of population. Thus the West Ham, Romford, and Epping Districts lie as near as possible to London; the Orsett, Billericay, Chelmsford, and Colchester Districts include or lie adjacent to the growing towns of Grays, Brentwood, Chelmsford, and Colchester; the Rochfoid District includes Southend (as already stated 1 ; and the Tendring District includes the flourishing sea-side resorts of Dovercourt, Walton, Clacton, and Frinton.
On the other hand, the seven Registration Districts which have decreased are, for the most part, rural and agricultural, particularly those of Maldon, Halstead, Braintree, Dunmow, and Saffron Wralden.
The sixteen Essex Registration Districts (noticed above) are divided, for registration purposes, into 57 Sub-Districts. An examination of the changes in population of these sub-districts during the last ten years yields much the same result as the foregoing examination of the changes in the Registration Districts.
Of these sub-districts, 37 (or 65 per cent.) have increased in population; whilst 2o (or 35 per cent.) have decreased.
In the nine Districts which have increased as a whole, every single one of the 35 Sub-Districts included have also increased, with the solitary exception of the Great Waltham Sub-District of the Chelmsford District, which has decreased by 55o persons.
On the other hand, in the seven Districts which have decreased as a whole, all of the 22 Sub-Districts included have also decreased, with the exception of the Chipping Ongar, Wyvenhoe, and Southminster Sub-Districts, though the increase in the two first-named is exceedingly small.
These results resemble very closely (as has been said) those obtained in 1891. Then, as now, nine Districts had increased: seven had decreased; while, out of 6o (instead of 57) SubDistricts, 41 had increased: 19 had decreased. In 1881, too, the results were closely similar.
When we have before us the General Report on the late
r census, we shall be able, without doubt, to see still more clearly that the most serious decreases have been mainly, as on previous occasions, in the more purely rural parts of the county.
A marked decrease in our more purely rural population is, therefore, a feature which has been revealed at each recent census. It is, however, a feature which is far from being confined to Essex alone. On the contrary, we are able to see already that it is common to all the more purely rural parts of England and Wales. Reading between the lines of the Registrar-General’s Reports, we see clearly that everywhere the larger cities and towns are growing at the expense of the small villages and the country—that, speaking generally, the larger and more industrial the town, the greater is the rate of increase; while the smaller and more rural the village, the greater is the rate of decrease.
It is impossible to deny that this fact, looked at from any point of view, is lamentable. It is true that, in all the more progressive countries of the world, a somewhat similar movement is taking place; but in no country, probably, is it anything like so pronounced as in England. Everywhere the natural tendency of population is to increase: that is to say, births always naturally outnumber deaths. It needs, therefore, a very powerfully unfavourable influence to cause an actual decrease of population—to say nothing of a heavy decrease—in any district, rural or otherwise. The powerfully unfavourable influence which operates to cause a decrease in our rural districts is, of course, the fact that, under present economic conditions, the cultivation of the soil of this country no longer yields a fair and reasonable profit.
If our statesmen had but time to reflect, they would see that, in this one fact, we have the greatest single political problem of our day—a problem outweighing all others in importance — and that failure to solve it satisfactoiily will involve, ultimately, the gradual downfall of our country from the pre-eminent position she now occupies (or, at any rate, lately occupied) as leader among all the nations of the World. But the Essex Review is not political.
NOTES AND QUERIES.
Some Notes on the Maxey Family of Bradwell and Saling. —Bradwell Hall in 17 Richard II. was possessed by Sir John Hende or Hinde, ” a very rich man,” Alderman of London, Sheriff 1381, and Lord Mayor 1391 and 14o4. His benefactions to Coggeshall Abbey procured that house to celebrate his obit with all the solemnity and gratitude due to a founder Sir John died 1st August, 1418, leaving two sons, both named John. The elder, then aged nine, died in 1461, leaving an only daughter, Joan, who was heiress to both brothers. The descendants of Joan (by her marriage to Walter Writtel, of Bobbingworth) failing, the Hende estates reverted to John Bassett, who had married the daughter of Sir John Hende’s sister Amicia. Gregory Bassett, John’s son, at his death in 1528, left a daughter Dorothy, aged one year, the inheritor of large estates. The wardship of this infant heiress being obtained by Thomas Bonham, of Kent, he secured her marriage “very young ” to his son Robert ; after whose death, Dorothy married, as her second husband, Anthony Maxey, of Great Saling Hall.
Anthony Maxey was descended from the Maxeys, of Maxey Castle, situated, it is stated in his epitaph, upon the borders of Lincolnshire, but, really, in the county of Northampton. His family was attracted into Essex by the re-marriage of the widow of one John Maxey to a certain John Knight, owner of Saling Hall, who, having no heirs of his own, conveyed that property, with a number of other lands and messuages in the parishes of Saling, Bardfield Saling, Rayne, and Stebbing, on 8th December, 1487, to his wife’s son by her first husband, another John Maxey. He was great-great-grandfather of Anthony, and upon the intervening Maxeys we need not dwell.
Upon his marriage with the rich widow, Dorothy (Bassett) Bonham, of Bradwell Hall, Anthony Maxey left Saling and took up his abode at her residence. At her death, Dorothy, with mistaken partiality, settled all her estates upon her second family. Jeremy Bonham, her eldest son, who should have been her heir, inherited only a small life annuity out of her manor of Pycots, in Great Saling. Anthony Maxey’s three sons by his wife Dorothy were: Anthony (who died young), Henry, and William. He had several daughters, of whom one, Dorothy, married Sir Edward Heron, Baron of the Exchequer. The elder Anthony died 12th September, 1592, and was buried in Bradwell Church, under a handsome marble monument with figures of himself and his wife, his son Henry and his wife, all kneeling, erected by Henry to his father’s memory. It forms the reredos of the altar, and bears the following inscription:—
Heere vnder lyeth bvryed ye bodie of Anthony Maxey Esqvier of ye anncient familie of ye Maxeys of Maxey Castle in the covntie of Lincoln and of Dorothie his wefe [sic] sole davghter and heire of Gregory Bassett of Bradwell in ye covntie of Essex Esqvier descended of ye noble family of ye Bassets of ye South and by her had issve 3 sones and 3 davghters Anthony his eldest sone who dyed an infant Sr Henry 2 sone and Sr William 3 son who married Helen davghter of Sr Edward Grevyle Kni’ Jane dyed yonge Dorathy marryed to Sr Edward Heron Knit one of ye Barrones of ye Exchecqut Bridget married to Edward Wentworth Esqvier of Bockinge Hall in the said county of Essex Ye said Sr Henry marryed Myldred one of ye daughters of Willm Cooke Esqvre 2 son of Sr Anthony Cooke of Gyddy in ye countie of Essex Knight by Francis his wife davghter of ye Lord John Gray Dvke of SufFolke both sonnes of Thomas Marqves Dorset Lord Gray of Grosby which said Sr Henry Maxey in reverent memory of his said parents hath erexted this monvment
Henry, the pious erector of this tomb, was knighted by King James I at Whitehall on 23rd July, 16o3, shortly before his coronation. He was Sheriff of Essex in 16o7. He died 22nd October, 1624. The date, 1657, given by Morant as that of his birth, is an obvious impossibility if his younger brother William was, as is stated upon his monument, aged 88 at his death in 1645. In that case, William’s elder brother must have been born at least ten years earlier than 1567. Sir Henry Maxey’s wife, Mildred (Cooke), was buried, according to Morant, at Bradwell, a few weeks after her husband, on 8th November, 1624. They left no issue, and I have no further information about either to add to what is contained in the above inscription.
Sir William Maxey, Anthony’s third son, who succeeded his brother Sir Henry, was a man of many parts as is set out upon the stone reared to his memory by his son Henry. Its quaint inscription well deserves to be printed here where all may peruse it. His three sons, as we there learn, all played their parts on the King’s side during the Civil Wars. Sir William Maxey was probably the person of that name knighted by King James in 1617, although in Metcalfe’s Book of Knights his county
is given as Warwickshire. The inscription is upon a marble slab on the north side of the chancel, and runs as follows :—
Here lieth interred the body of Sr William Maxey Knt second sonn of Anthony Maxey Esqr and Dame Hellena Maxey his wife daughter to Sr Edward Grevyll Knt of Harold’s Hark in Essex who died ye 2 of November 1653 by whom he had 1o children 7 daughters and 3 sones He was a man of Joshvas resolution y< he and his howse should serve ye T.ord, and in order ther vnto he did bring up al those his children to learn in their youth to fear God and honour ye King. His constant covrse was to call them up by 5 of ye clok in the morning and cavsing them to Demaund his blessing upon their knees and it being given them then he heard them yt could save and learned them yt could not ye Lordes prayer ye beliefe and ye ten comandments and then caused every one of them one after ye other to read some of David psalmes and each of them a chapter and to give an accompt what they remembred then he retired to his closset, and having spent some time in his privat devotions he apeared to discharg his publick duty as Justice of ye peac and coram and though most sought for Justice yet he was most for peace and wherby perswations he covld not win them to it His pvrss was ever open to bvy it and Blessed is ye peacemakers. He was one yt reverenced ye orthodox cleargie of Ingland and dyed July 1645 He died in his good old age a true svbiect to Charles ye first and no rcbell being 88 years old his eldest sonn Grevil was captain of one of his maties train bands in Essex who married Mildred Cook daughter to Sir Will'” Cook of Highn.im in Gloster sheir and died ye 15 of Feb 164S and lieth buried in this chancel.
William the 3 son served Charles the first in all his wars against his rebells and was Maior Generall of his horse att ye siege at Colchester and died ye 25 of Jan 1659 and lieth buried in this chancell Henry his 2d son served the King in all his wars and was Adiutant Genrall of his horse, who lived to complete this monvment for ye perptvating of ye memory of his dear father and is preparing himself to lave his body here and his sovle to rest with his predecessors in Abrahames bosom
The third son, William, was a Colonel in the Royalist army, commanding a portion of Lord Goring’s troops who invaded Leighs Priory, and helped themselves to arms out of the armoury there, in the absence of its owner, the Parliamentary Admiral, Earl of Warwick, on 10th June, 1648. From Leighs the army marched on to Colchester, and were immediately shut up and held there by Fairfax, who had crossed the Thames at Tilbury, and marched through Billericay and Chelmsford until he reached Lexden, where he was only three or four hours behind them.
Colonel Maxey was, it appears from the above inscription, shortly promoted to the rank of Major-General, in the beleagured town.
It can hardly be supposed that Greville’s wife was the same Mildred Cook who had married his uncle and died, according to Morant, in 1624, but the coincidence of the father’s name of both being William is a little suspicious. Greville’s elder son, Anthony, married Susan, daughter of Sir William Po!ey, of Boxted, Suffolk, and died without issue. He sold Saling Hall and Pycots on 8th June, 1665, to Martin Carter, of Queen’s College, Cambridge, and Grays Inn, but left Bradwell Hall to his brother Henry.
Henry Maxey, second son of Greville, is described as “of Saling, gentleman, bachelor, aged 3o,” when licensed on 5th December, 1664, to marry Sarah Lowe, or Lough, of Baddowi spinster, whose age was also 3o, and whose parents were dead. This places his birth about 1634, and disposes of the suggestion that his mother could have been the former Mildred Maxey, if she died in 1624. Henry’s son Anthony married Elizabeth, daughter of the above Martin Carter, and Saling Hall, which the later had much improved in 1699, was settled upon their children. Their only son, however, died before his mother, about 1728, and Saling Hall was left by her to her nephew, Martin Carter of Withain, lord of the manor and patron of Bradwell, and for many years before his death on 23rd July, 1754, one of the Coroners for the County of Essex. This much seems to be clearly established, but Morant is not a very satisfactory guide upon the subject, since although under Bradwell his statements agree with the above, under Saling in the same volume, he states that Martin Carter sold the Hall in 1717. I hope to pursue this family history still further, when I have had an opportunity of examining, or at any rate searching for, such Maxey wills as are to be found at Somerset House.
C. Fell Smith. Leaden Bas-Relief.—(E..R. x., 114) My note on the above, in the April number of the Essex Review, has brought interesting information from two correspondents, by whose courtesy I am obliged. Miss M. Stackwood, of Chelmsford, writes as follows :—
“I have the same subject in iron; it was cast in my grandfather’s foundiy (the late Mr. Rider, of Saffron Walden, who died April, 1851); the tablet has always been used as an ornamental back in the »rate when n0 fire is required.”
This foundry is now in the occupation of Mr. F. H. Johnson, but he has at present been unable to discover any clue of the tablet’s origin. Mr. Wilson Marriage, of Colchester, writes of another iron copy in the possession of his father, adding:— “I do not think it is a very old production, but possibly an iron back for a fireplace, such as were much used before fire-clay blocks came into vogue.”
It appears, therefore, that this leaden relief (which will be deposited in the Southend Museum when the erection of new Municipal buildings permits) has counterparts dating from an Essex foundry. But the use of such a plate of lead (obviously not for a fire-back), and the original source of the mould, remain open to question.
Warwick H. Draper, M.A., Southend-on-Sea.
Carved Oak Panelling from Waltham Abbey.—The early 16th Century panelling described and illustrated in E.R. ii., 118-121 by Mr. I. C. Gould, has now been removed from the old house at Waltham to the Victoria and Albert Museum. It is referred to and illustrated by a photograph in The Magazine of Art for June, 19o1, pp. 376-7.
“The Western Family of Rivenhall” (E.R. April, 19o1, p. 65) With reference to the unusual way in which the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Western on 24th Oct., 1766, was entered in the Register, another possible explanation may be suggested. On p. 21 (E.R., Jan., 19o1) we find a statement in his friend Cole’s diary that “young Western has gone into Scotland to be married.” If we accept this story (and there does not appear to be any good reason for rejecting it), it follows that the only real effect of the ceremony at Rivenhall Church was to confer the sanction of a religious service upon a marriage already legally in existence, and the difficulty as to by which name the lady should be described is fully accounted for. The portrait of Lord Western, by Simpson (of which an illustration is given), was engraved by Sly. Impressions of it were widely diffused among the Essex Liberals of that period, and are still often to be found in the houses of their descendants. I possess one, and have seen several others.
H. S. Tabor, Fennes, Braintree.
LOLLARDRY IN COLCHESTER.
ROM a very early period the town authorities of Colchester
were on the worst of terms with the authorities of St.
John’s Abbey there. Litigation and frequent recriminations are recorded at great length in the ancient Records of the town; and as one reads what took place it . is easy to see how the pride, wealth, and power claimed by the monastic establishments prepared men’s minds for the Reformation. One of the earliest known instances of martyrdom for ” heresy” took place at Colchester on Nov. 4, 1429, when William Chiveling, a tailor, of Colchester, was burnt to death publicly at ” Colking’s Castle,” “in front of the tower there.” Whether this means Colchester Castle or the Balkerne Bastion at the summit of Balkerne Hill, is doubtful. Both places have been described, at various times, as King Cole’s Castle.
Mr. W. Gurney Benham is now engaged in transcribing and publishing the very interesting “Red Paper Book ” of the borough, which contains entries extending over the 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries. There is, in this volume, a careful and detailed account of William Chiveling’s trial and execution. He was condemned for heresy in St. Nicholas’ Church, Colchester, before David Price, “Vicar in Spirituals of the Bishop of London,” on Oct. 27, 1429, and was at once taken to the Moot Hall and imprisoned. The Bailiffs (it is recorded) sent to the King’s Chancellery for a writ for burning the condemned heretic. The writ (which is fully set forth in the Red Paper Book) was issued at Westminster on Nov. 2, and William Chiveling was burned to death on Nov. 4.
The red-hot haste with which this affair was conducted shows the furious vindictiveness of the prosecution. How far the Bailiffs of Colchester were willing participators must be left doubtful.
There is nothing in the record of the incident to show that they were wanting in zeal for ” holy church.” But at this very period they were deep in litigation with the Abbot of St. John’s. Mr. Benham has just discovered an entry, made within a few weeks or months of the execution of Chiveling, in which the Abbot (in a petition to the King’s Council against the Bailiffs and Commonalty of Colchester) makes a remarkable accusation. He states that amongst the commonalty, there are some which “be detecte, noysed, and endited of Lollardrye, as it is well known, menacing and threatening the seid Abbot and his bretheren to burn them and hang them at their gates” He alleges that the Bailiffs and Commonalty of the Borough have done wilful damage and trespass, to the injury of the Abbey estates, and that they have also boycotted the corn mills and fulling mills of the Abbey, and have even ordered the Abbey tenants to ” paye no rente, upon gret payne” (penalty). Therefore the Abbott prays that he and his Abbey may have their rights and privileges, and that the Bailiffs may be ordered to find sureties of the peace, “and that non of the sect of Lollardes withynne them be sustained nor supported.” This petition was presented by the Abbot in the 7th Henry VI., i.e., between September 1st, 1429, and August 31, 143o.
The haste with which the execution of Chiveling was carried out seems to show that there was a desire somewhere—possibly amongst the ecclesiastics of the King’s Council—to make a sudden and severe example at Colchester, where ” heresy” was alleged to be rife. The Abbot no doubt introduced the accusation of Lollardry into his petition to the King’s Council, with a view to create prejudice. But making all allowance for this, it seems a not unlikely presumption that even at this early date, Lollardry had taken considerable hold of the Borough of Colchester. It will be interesting to see how far further researches in the Red Paper Book—which we are glad to know is to be published in extenso—corroborate this impression.
REVIEWS AND NOTICES OF BOOKS.
Report on the Water Supply of the County of Essex. By Dr. J. C. Thresh, County Medical Officer of Health, &c. Pp. xv., 168; 12 pis., 8vo. Chelmsford, n. d. (19o1) Price, 3s. 6d.
This is perhaps the most important, at least to Essex readers, of the many valuable works that have issued from Dr. Thresh’s able and industrious pen. Some of them, doubtless, are of utility to a wider circle, just as a map of a kingdom meets with
Essex review, Volumes 10-12